Long known as the Roof of the World, Tibet was isolated for most of its more than 1,000-year history. It is composed of high plateaus and some of the tallest mountains in the world. Tibet is an autonomous region of China that is located along China’s southwestern frontier with India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Myanmar (Burma). The Tibet Autonomous Region is also bounded by the Chinese provinces of Yunnan to the southeast, Sichuan to the east, and Qinghai to the northeast and the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang to the northwest. The disputed territory of Kashmir lies to the west. The name of the Tibet Autonomous Region in Chinese is Xizang Zizhiqu. Its area is 471,700 square miles (1,221,600 square kilometers). The capital is Lhasa.
High elevation and lofty mountains are Tibet’s most striking physical features. It lies on the highest of the world’s highland areas, the Plateau of Tibet, which also extends into Qinghai, Sichuan, and Xinjiang. Northern Tibet consists of a slightly rolling plateau with an average elevation of about 16,500 feet (5,000 meters). In the southeast is a series of rugged north-south mountain ranges. Along the southern boundary are the tallest mountains in the world—the Himalayas, where Mount Everest rises to more than 29,000 feet (8,800 meters).
Watch this amazing video by Chinese photographer Wang Yuanzong in his travels through Tibet alone for a whole year just to show the world its breathtaking views.